Innovation ecosystems in health: countries and theoretical models used
This article sought to analyze the innovation ecosystems in health, countries that develop them and the theoretical models they resort to. To this end, three databases carried out a systematic review through a bibliographic search in English, Spanish and Portuguese. 40% of health innovation ecosystems are in the USA, 13% in South Africa, 10% in the UK, 6.67% in Namibia, and 30% in various countries. Of the theoretical models used, 13% resort to the quadruple helix, open innovation 13%, the triple helix 10%, and ehealth 7%. The USA concentrated the development of innovation ecosystems. Quadruple helix and open innovation, were the theorical models frequently used, both includes society as part of its implementation
Corresponding author: Mauricio Alexander Alzate Montoya
Competing interests: No competing interests were disclosed.
Grant information: The author(s) declared that no grants were involved in supporting this work.
Copyright: © 2022 Alzate Montoya MA et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
How to cite: Alzate Montoya MA, Montenegro Martinez G, Londoño Pelaez C and Cardona Arango D. Innovation ecosystems in health: countries and theoretical models used [version 1; peer review: awaiting peer review]. F1000Research 2022, 11:1458 (https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.125854.1)