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DC Motor Drive Powered by Solar Photovoltaic Energy: An FPGA-Based Active Disturbance Rejection Control Approach

This paper presents an experimental platform for regulating the DC motor angular speed powered by photovoltaic cells. The experimental platform comprises an Eco Green Energy EGE-260P-60 solar panel, DC/DC SEPIC converter, DC bus, DC/DC buck converter, DC motor and Nexys 4 board with an Artix-7 100T FPGA. The DC/DC SEPIC converter is used for harvesting the maximum amount of energy from the PV cells using the perturb and observe algorithm to track the maximum power point. The DC/DC buck converter is used as the motor drive using the active disturbance rejection control to regulate the angular speed of the DC motor. In addition, the FPGA architecture design is presented using a hierarchical top-down methodology with the VHDL hardware description language and Xilinx System Generator tool. The software takes advantage of the FPGA’s concurrency to simultaneously evaluate the different processes, which is the main reason for choosing this digital device. Several tests were performed on the platform such as irradiance changes, DC bus variations, DC motor connection and load torque variations applied in the motor shaft. The results indicate that the maximum power is obtained from the photovoltaic cells, establishing the minimum operating conditions. In addition, the control approach estimates and cancels the effects of disturbances caused by variations in the environmental conditions, photovoltaic system, DC bus, and load changes in order to regulate DC motor speed.

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Authors: Esteban Guerrero-Ramirez ,Alberto Martinez-Barbosa ,Marco Antonio Contreras-Ordaz ,Gerardo Guerrero-Ramirez ,Enrique Guzman-Ramirez ,Jorge Luis Barahona-Avalos and Manuel Adam-Medina